Family Responsibilities Discrimination, with 2016 Supplement

This resource provides employment lawyers with a clear understanding of family responsibilities discrimination (FRD). It discusses applicable federal, state, and local laws as well as analysis of how the law relates to different types of workers. The treatise also covers how claims are brought and defended; statutory bases of liability; a state-by-state survey; and practice tips for both plaintiffs' and management-side lawyers.

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Family responsibilities discrimination (FRD) is one of the fastest growing areas of employment litigation, and this treatise covers it all. From the discussion of applicable federal, state, and local laws that cover family caregivers in various circumstances to analysis of FRD issues arising with particular types of workers, this treatise is a useful, comprehensive resource. It provides a clear explanation of what FRD is, how and why it arises, the laws involved, how claims are brought and defended, and how it can be prevented in the workplace. Written by the lawyers who pioneered the research behind FRD, this book is an invaluable compendium of FRD information that every employment lawyer needs.

The only treatise published exclusively on FRD, Family Responsibilities Discrimination covers topics including:

  • Statutory and common law bases of FRD liability
  • Current federal and state FRD case law
  • A chapter providing an extensive state-by-state survey of FRD law
  • Typical scenarios in which FRD occurs in the workplace
  • Practice tips for both plaintiffs’ and management-side lawyers

Beyond in-depth analysis of FRD, this extensive treatise also contains a bibliography of social science studies and practice checklists. 


The 2016 Supplement updates the work with highlights including: in-depth discussions of how the Supreme Court’s decision in Young v. UPS affects not only light duty claims but also Title VII cases; complete coverage of pregnancy accommodation laws and cases; an overview of the newest state and local laws covering family responsibilities discrimination, paid sick days and parental leave; a new section detailing breastfeeding laws; an expanded section about employees who provide care for elders; updated case law regarding caregiving and the FMLA, ADA, Title VII, wrongful termination, breach of contract, and more. 


  • Overview of Family Responsibilities Discrimination
  • Title VII Sex Discrimination
  • The Family and Medical Leave Act
  • Americans With Disabilities Act
  • The Employee Retirement Income Security Act
  • The Equal Pay Act
  • State and Local Statutory Overview
  • State Common Law Overview
  • State Law and FRD
  • Public Employees
  • Pregnant Employees
  • Employees With Flexible Work Schedules
  • Male Caregivers
  • Employees Who Care for Elders
  • FRD in Canada
  • Appendices/Table of Cases/Index


think and code authors and editors are practicing professionals with insider perspectives and real-life experience. Learn more about this book’s authors and editors.
Calvert, Cynthia Thomas
 is an employment attorney and President of Workforce 21C, and has led the research behind FRD at the Center for WorkLife Law.
Williams, Joan C.
 is Distinguished Professor of Law and Founding Director of the Center for WorkLife Law at the University of California, Hastings College of the Law.
Phelan, Gary
 is a shareholder at Mitchell & Sheahan, P.C., Stratford and Stamford, CT.


View full tables of contents and read the book’s preface.


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